Covenant of Redemption
In His Son, Jesus, God offers redemption to humanity. That's why Jesus left heaven and was born among us. He came to earth to lay down His life for the sins of the world. The Cross is the pivotal point in the great plan of redemption God has been working out in human history ever since Adam and Eve fell into sin.
All the other covenants point to this one.
Noah's Covenant was a covenant of grace. God did not require anything of Noah, He simply promised to Noah and to all of us that He would never again destroy the earth by flood. The great Redemption Covenant of Jesus is a covenant of grace. We can do nothing to earn our salvation. That is beyond us in our fallen condition. Only Jesus, the Perfect One, could make an unblemished sacrifice for our sin. He offers redemption by grace through faith.
"For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith —and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works, so that no one can boast." (Ephesians 2:8-9 NIV)
Abraham's Covenant was a covenant of faith. God called Abraham to leave His people and his country and follow Him. Abraham went in faith, not knowing where God would lead. And Abraham walked with God in faith over all his life. As Ephesians 2:8-9 says above, redemption comes by grace, through faith. It is in trusting Jesus for forgiveness and walking with Him in faith that we appropriate the grace of God which was poured out in the Cross of Jesus.
Moses' Covenant was a covenant of obedience. God covenanted Himself with his people, Israel, by giving them His law and calling for their obedience to it. Essentially God said, "Obey my law and I will be your God, and you will be my people." To walk in faith is to walk in obedience, not to go our own way. Obedience is the proof of faith, not the means by which we earn salvation. Jesus became "obedient to death —
even death on a cross!" (Philippians 2:8 NIV) In the Garden of Gethsemane, Jesus submitted His will to the Father's will in order to make redemption for all of us.
David's Covenant was a covenant of kingship. God promised David one of his descendants would rule on his throne forever. David's descendants would be kings of Israel because David followed the living God as his King. God was King of His people through David, and would be King eternally through David's descendant, Jesus. Jesus is already at the right hand of the Father, waiting for the day when He will end human history, completely destroy evil, create a new heaven and a new earth, and reign eternally on David's throne.
It all points to Jesus.
In the covenant of redemption, God says to us: "Here is my Son. Believe in Him and follow Him, and I will forgive you sin and grant you eternal life. I will set you free from the bondage of your past and pour my love into your life. In Jesus we have redemption from sin and death!
The most important question any of us can ask in life is not "Who am I?" The most important question is, "What will I do with Jesus?" Will I follow Him in trust and obedience, making Him Lord and King of my life now and for all eternity? Or will I reject His sacrifice for my sins and live life without Him, going my own way? Do I dare to believe that the Cross means the God of the Universe loves me? And will I love Him back, spending my life for His Kingdom and not for my own happiness?
The old, old children's song is still true:
Jesus loves me, this I know.
For the Bible tells me so.
Little ones to Him belong.
I am weak but He is strong.
Yes, Jesus loves me!
Yes, Jesus loves me!
Yes, Jesus loves me!
The Bible tells me so.
I am loved by God. And so, created in His image and redeemed by the sacrifice of Jesus for my sin, I am free to love Him back and to love others in His name. By grace. Through faith. In Jesus.
It all points to Jesus. And I will do whatever I can to point others to Him. Until I die and join Him in eternity, I will spend my life following Him in trust and obedience. With the Apostle Paul, I say, "For to me, to live is Christ and to die is gain." (Philippians 1:21 NIV)